Nowadays, many people have the constant need for their teeth to look as healthy as possible, which is why different specialized stains in the area of dental health have developed products that allow consumers to access a tooth whitening from the comfort of their case. This has made dentists at the border question whether these tools work or whether frequent use can cause problems in the health of the population.
It is necessary to understand that tooth stains are due to various causes and in different areas of the tooth. Pigmentation is divided into external and internal. The former can be due to the consumption of drinks, such as coffee, wine, ink or coca-cola, and to the consumption of fruits, marijuana, or tobacco. Also for the bad hygiene that is carried in this area. Dentists recommend that it is essential to be cautious in the use of products such as mouthwashes and tablets revealing tartar because they can cause stains on the enamel.
Internal factors are usually caused by some disease in the oral cavity, which causes the tooth enamel to change its color. Cavities, dental plaque, vitamin deficiency, aging, poorly treated restorations, or trauma can cause stains.
The most popular bleaching agents used in the dental office and at home are hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide is a very potent active ingredient when whitening teeth. It can be used in toothpaste or as a mouthwash. The concentrations of this agent should be between 30 to 35% or a little lower. Due to its efficiency, various whitening products possess this powerful ingredient.
To improve results, a heat source is often used to potentiate the assets of hydrogen peroxide, and these are usually used in gel form. Despite this recommendation, it should be used under supervision, with the aim of causing some wear on the tooth or a reaction that may affect the area. Peroxide, being in a gel format, can cause rapid dissolution in the saliva, so fixatives are used that allow it to work in the specific areas to improve the efficiency of the product.
The use of hydrogen peroxide in the home is one of the most common ways to whiten teeth, and this agent should be used at concentrations of between 2 and 7%. For this, the dentist will perform a simple technique where the patient will use a splint where the bleaching agent will be concentrated. At the moment of using this technique, the person must go at least once a week so that the specialist can check if there was any alteration in the dental structure.
The molecules that compose this agent are concentrated in the dental enamel and the dentine, provoking that, by their molecular weight, they flow in a constant way inside the area. This depigmentation is carried out from the surface to the interior, generating a better appearance in the teeth.
Although hydrogen peroxide is usually used for whitening teeth, it can also be used to remove bad breath from the mouth, to treat and soothe gum disease, to decrease the pain of ulcers, teeth and to generate discomfort in the mouth. It is necessary first to consult the dentist if the use of hydrogen peroxide can be used by the patient.